Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI), Tamil Nadu State Chapter has prepared an approach document to develop Tamil Nadu in the following five critical sectors: Energy; Agriculture; Social including health, housing, education, security; Industry and business; Infrastructure including roads, ports, airports, rail connectivity, multi modal transport.
Development of Tamil Nadu can not take place without developing the marine sector of Tamil Nadu as land-based resources are depleting. It is worth mentioning that the ancient Tamils, classified the land in five categories depending on the type of land: Kurinji (குறிஞ்சி) – mountain region; Mullai (முல்லை) – forest region; Marutham (மருதம்) – plains region; Neithal (நெய்தல்) – coastal region; Palai (பாலை) – desert region. Development of Tamil Nadu can be faster, only by exploring the coastal region.
Tamil Nadu with a coast line of around 1076 kms, ranks high in Maritime Potential Index (MPI – indicates the geographical dimension of the natural resources available due to proximity to seas and oceans), in Maritime Economy Index (MEI – indicates the development in maritime industries like fisheries, shipping, ship building, ship repair, harbours etc.,).
The first panel meeting of ‘Maritime Strategies’ was held on March 09, 2012 at Hotel Hyatt Regency, Chennai. The meeting was organised by FICCI, Tamil Nadu Chapter under the chairmanship of Mr P Murari, IAS (Retd.,), Advisor to FICCI President & Former Secretary to President of India. The meeting was convened by Commodore S. Shekhar, Regional Director, National Maritime Foundation (NMF) – Chennai Chapter.
The other participants in the meeting were: Commodore Vasan; Capt Avtar Singh; Capt Karnatkar; Capt Bhardwaj; Mr Venkatesh; Mr Palanivel; Mr Annamalai.
The meeting turned out to be a brain storming session and discussed the following:
- Infrastructure development:
- location of ports: Ports are to be developed considering the long term utility; if ports are too close to each other, it may kill each other’s business potential; if ports are too far from each other, development of the state may be compromised (example – Gangavaram, Visakhapatnam ports at a distance of 15 kms).
- Ship-repair yards: Though a Shipbuilding yard is being set up by M/s Larsen & Toubro at Kattupalli (north of Chennai), Ship-repair yard is not available after the closure of Chokhani Shipyard at Chennai in 1998.
- Setting up of Ship breaking/recycling yards needs to be considered. Presently ship breaking/recycling yard is only in Gujarat.
- Dredging: As part of maintenance/expansion, there is tremendous scope for dredging regularly in ports.
- Coastal Shipping: As road, rail transportation are saturated, it is better to develop exclusive ports for coastal shipping for transporting domestic cargo like coal, cars without the involvement of the customs and other cumbersome procedures.
- Use of Barges: The concept of using barges for loading/unloading of cargo by anchoring bigger vessels at sea has to be looked into.
- Restriction for the entry of merchant ships with anti piracy armed escorts in Indian ports needs to be looked into.
- Marine environment: Pollution by industries needs to be identified and stopped.
- Offshore wind energy: Tapping off shore wind energy has to be given priority to overcome power shortage.
- Maine Tourism:
- Maritime Museum is expected to come up in north of Chennai with decommissioned Foxtrot class submarine, INS Vagli for visitors.
- Samudram: Project Samudram (Seashore Archaeological Museums of the Dravidian Mainland) a maritime heritage tourism package proposal linking Chennai, Mamallapuram, Alamparai, Sadras, Puducherry, Porto Novo and Kaveripoompattinam is expected to be launched.
- Development of Buckingham Canal as a waterway.
- Cruise Shipping policy: Industry friendly policy is needed to boost tourism.
- Tamil Nadu Maritime Board: Needs to act as the nodal agency for maritime sector like Gujarat Maritime Board.
- Human Resource development: Tamil Nadu has many marine training institutes. This needs to be fully explored to attract the youth to become seafarers and to develop India as a top maritime nation.
Interestingly, Tamil Nadu has developed significantly in the marine sector. The following data gives the present maritime activity in Tamil Nadu.
- Tamil Nadu has 3 major ports: Chennai, Ennore, Tuticorin.
- Tamil Nadu has 24 non-major ports:
- Government ports: Colachel, Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Pamban, Rameswaram, Valinokkam, Kanyakumari.
- Captive ports: Cheyyur, Ennore, Kattupalli, Kaveri, Kudankulam, Manappad, Marakkanam, Mugaiyur, Punnakayal, Parangipettai, PY-3 (Oil Field), Silambimangalam Shipyard, Udangudi, Thirukkadaiyur, Thiruchopuram, Thirukkuvalai, Vanagiri.
- Industries involved in captive port development of Tamil Nadu: M/s L & T Shipbuilding Limited, M/s Coromondel International Limited, M/s Marg Swarnabhoomi Port Private Limited, M/s Coastal Tamil Nadu Power Limited, M/s National Thermal Power Corporation (M/s NTPC), M/s Nagarjuna Oil Corporation Limited, M/s Goodearth Shipbuilding Pvt Ltd, M/s IL & FS Tamil Nadu Power Company Limited, M/s Hardy Exploration and Production India Inc, M/s PEL Power Limited, M/s NSL Power Limited, M/s PPN Power Generating Company, M/s Tridem Port and Power Company Private Limited, M/s Udangudi Power Corporation Limited, M/s Indian Gas Limited, M/s Nuclear Power Corporation of India Limited.
- Tamil Nadu has 13 coastal districts (Tiruvallur, Chennai, Kancheepuram, Villupuram, Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Thiruvarur, Thanjavur, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram, Thoothukudi, Tirunelveli, Kanyakumari) with 591 marine fishing villages.
- Presence of the Indian Navy in Tamil Nadu: Naval Officer In Charge, Tamil Nadu at Chennai; INS Agrani, Coimbatore; INS Rajali, Arakkonam; INS Kattabomman, Tirunelveli.
- Presence of the Indian Coast Guard in Tamil Nadu: Commander – Coast Guard Region (East) at Regional Head Quarters, Chennai; District Head Quarters (DHQ) – 5 at Chennai; Coast Guard Stations at Mandapam, Tuticorin; Maritime Rescue Coordination Center (MRCC) at Chennai; Maritime Rescue Sub Centre (MRSC) at Mandapam; Coast Guard Air Station (CGAS) at Chennai.
- Coastal Security Group of Tamil Nadu Police has 12 Marine Police stations, 87 check-posts, 5 outposts.
- Marine Police Stations (MPS) are located at: Nagapattinam, Vedaranyam, Keelaiyur, Adhiramapattinum, Sethubavachatiram, Manamelkudi, Thirupunavasal, Devipattinam, Mandapam, Tharuvaikulam, Kudankulam, Colachal.
- National Maritime Foundation, Regional Chapter is at Chennai.
- Marine Educational Institutions in Tamil Nadu:
- Indian Institute of Technology – Madras at Chennai, Department of Ocean Engineering offering
- M.Tech in Port Management.
- E-Learning courses available/under development: CFD Applications in Marine Vehicle Design; Coastal Engineering; Design of Offshore Structures; Dynamics of Floating Bodies; Foundation for Offshore Structures; Health,Safety and Environmental Management in Petroleum and Offshore Engineering; Marine Survey; Ocean Acoustics; Oceanography for Ocean Engineers; Port and Harbour Structures; Ship Resistance and Propulsion; Vibration of Offshore Structures and Ships; Wave Hydrodynamics; Wave simulation, measurement and analysis; Analysis of Ship Structures; Design of Ship Structures; Experimental Methods in Ocean Engineering; Guidance and Control of Marine Vehicles; Marine Instrumentation; Naval Architecture for Marine Engineering and Nautical Science Students.
- Indian Maritime University (IMU) at Chennai having the departments: Port Management; Nautical Science; Marine Engineering; Transport & Logistics (Business School); Marine Sciences; Maritime Law; Naval Architecture & Ship Building; Inland Water Transport. IMU offers
- MBA in Port & Shipping Management; International Transportation & Logistics Management.
- Port Courses in all functional areas of Port & Shipping Management in areas of traffic operations, finance, engineering, human resource management, general management,computer applications etc.
- Post Graduate Diploma in Marine Engineering.
- Diploma in Nautical Science (DNS).
- Anna University of Technology – Coimbatore: The Institute of Maritime Education & Research offers B.E. Naval Architecture
- AMET University, Chennai: offers UG/PG/Diploma Courses and Research in Marine Engineering.
- Tamil Nadu Maritime Academy at Thoothukudi under the control of Tamil Nadu Maritime Board (TNMB).
- Many private Engineering Colleges offering BE Marine Engineering courses and many private Training Institutes offering pre – sea courses are located at Chennai, Kalpakkam, Kancheepuram, Sriperumbudur, Chidambaram, Coimbatore, Kanyakumari, Kilakarai, Madurai, Tirunelveli, Vellore.
- Indian Institute of Technology – Madras at Chennai, Department of Ocean Engineering offering
- National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT) is located at Chennai.
- Integrated Coastal and Marine Area Management Project Directorate (ICMAM PD), an office of Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) is at Chennai.
- Centre for Wind Energy Technology is at Chennai.
- Fishery Survey of India (FSI) is having an office at Chennai.
- Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute (CMFRI): having Regional Centre at Mandapam Camp; Research Centres at Chennai, Tuticorin; Field Centres at Cuddalore, Nagapattinam, Pattukottai, Kanyakumari.
- Marine Products Export Development Authority (MPEDA) is having an office at Chennai.
- Central Institute of Fisheries Nautical and Engineering Training (CIFNET), is having a unit at Chennai.
- Coastal Aquaculture Authority (CAA) is at Chennai.
- Tamil Nadu Government’s
- Fisheries Institute of Technology and Training (FITT) is at Muttukadu in Kancheepuram.
- Fisheries College & Research Institute (FCRI) is at Tuticorin.
- Fisheries Staff Training Institute is at Chennai.
- Extension and Training Centres of Fisheries Department are at Nagapattinam, Madurai, Mandapam and Colachel.
- Proposal to set up a Fisheries University in the coastal Nagapattinam district at a cost of Rs. 30 crore.
I thank FICCI and NMF for taking this initiative to develop Tamil Nadu as the ‘Numero Uno Maritime State of India’.
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