On January 07, 2011 the Indian Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) released Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 2011 to replace CRZ Notification of 1991. Also for the first time, an Island Protection Zone Notification (IPZ), 2011 was released to cover Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep.
Here is the extract from the press release – FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) comparing CRZ 2011 with CRZ 1991.
X. Summary: Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011 and Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991 compared
1. What are the most significant new provisions in the Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011 ?
(i) The entire water area which includes 12 nautical miles in the sea and the entire water area of a tidal water body such as creek, river, estuary will be regulated by the Notification.
(ii) In order to safeguard livelihood and property of local communities including the infrastructure along the coastal areas the hazard line has been introduced which will be demarcated by the offices of the Survey of India.
(iii) Keeping in view the environmental and social issues, special dispensation has been provided to Greater Mumbai, Kerala, Goa and Critically Coastal Vulnerable Areas such as the Sunderban.
(iv) In view of the erosion experienced along the coastal areas due to man-made interventions the shoreline will be mapped using up-to-date satellite images and the shorelines will then be subsequently classified as ‘high eroding’, ‘medium eroding’ and ‘low or stable stretches’. No foreshore development would be permissible in high eroding areas.
(v) To meet the increasing demands of housing for fishing communities and other traditional coastal communities, the No Development Zone which is of 200 metres from the High Tide Line is being reduced to 100m.
2. What are the main provisions of Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991 that have been retained in Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011 ?
(i) The jurisdiction of 500 metres from the High Tide Line along the seafront and 100 metres from the High Tide Line along the tidal influenced water bodies has been retained
(ii) The categorisations of the Coastal Regulation Zone area as Coastal Regulation Zone-I (ecologically sensitive areas), Coastal Regulation Zone-II (urban areas), Coastal Regulation Zone-III (rural areas) have been retained.
(iii) The methodology to be utilised for the preparation of Coastal Zone Management Plans demarcating Coastal Regulation Zone-I, II and III has been retained.
3. What are the important provisions of Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 1991 that have been dropped in Coastal Regulation Zone Notification, 2011 ?
(i) No more SEZ projects in Coastal Regulation Zone area will be allowed.
(ii) The provisions pertaining to the regulation of Andaman & Nicobar and Lakshadweep have been dropped and in view of the specific geographical issues, environmental sensitivity and to meet the needs of the islanders, a separate Notification has been issued called IPZ Notification.
(iii) The provisions restricting the expansion of housing for the rural communities in Coastal Regulation Zone-III area have been dropped.
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