India Maritime Technology Conference (IMTC) 2011 Jointly Hosted by CII and NMF at NIOT Chennai

by OldSailor on January 24, 2011


India_Maritime_Technology_Conference_IMTC_2011_CII_NMF_NIOT_Chennai_1 Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) and National Maritime Foundation (NMF) have jointly hosted India Maritime Technology Conference (IMTC) 2011 on January 21 & 22 at the National Institute of Ocean Technology (NIOT), Chennai.

IMTC – 2011 took off with

  • An appropriate theme “Sharpening India’s Sea Vision” to coincide with the Maritime Agenda 2010 – 2020 released by the Union Minister of Shipping, Mr G K Vasan  on January 13, 2011.
  • AMET University, Chennai as the Knowledge Partner for the conference. National_Institute_Ocean_Technology_NIOT_Chennai
  • An excellent exhibition on Maritime Heritage of India through Philately by D H Rao, Naval Historian, Chairman, Naval Philatelic Society.
  • Stalls put up by prominent maritime agencies to display their latest products.

January 21 – Day 1 proceedings:

Inaugural Session:

  • Opening Address by Mr T T Ashok – Dy Chairman, CII Southern Region & Managing Director Taylor Rubber Pvt Ltd.
  • Theme Address by Admiral (Retd) Arun Prakash – Chairman, NMF & former Chief of Naval Staff.
  • Keynote Address by Dr T S Sridhar, IAS – Principal Secretary & Commissioner of Archaeology, Govt of Tamil Nadu.
  • Address by the Chief Guest – Vice Admiral Anup Singh – Flag Officer Commanding in Chief, Eastern Naval Command.
  • Vote of Thanks by Commodore (Retd) S Shekhar, IN – Regional Director, NMF.
  • Followed by opening of stalls put up by prominent maritime agencies.



  • Future is only at sea for food, minerals etc.,
  • Development always takes place faster only in coastal areas.
  • Shocking to know that this country
    • with 7500 plus kilometer long coastline has less shipyards.
    • with billion plus people has less seafarers.
  • We are not good at writing our own history.
  • Submarine INS Vela, decommissioned last year is expected to be brought to Chennai and converted as a museum for display.

Plenary Session I – Ship Building and Ship Repairs

  • Challenges of Submarine Construction in India and Scope of Indigenization for Scorpene Project – by Mr Mahesh B Koyande, DGM & HOD Design, Mazagon Dock Ltd, Mumbai.
  • Ship Repairs in India – Opportunities and Challenges – by Mr S Krishnakumar, Head Repair & Refit, L & T Ship Building Ltd, Kattupalli, Chennai.
  • Warship Construction in Indian Defence Shipyards, the Present and Future – by Capt (Retd) SKS Kushwaha IN, GM (Production), Garden Reach Shipbuilders & Engineers Ltd, Kolkatta.
  • How Can India increase its Market Share of the New Building Orders ? – by Mr Hrishikesh Narasimhan, GM Ship Building, Goodearth Shipbuilding Pvt Ltd, Chennai.

India_Maritime_Technology_Conference_IMTC_2011_CII_NMF_NIOT_Chennai_3 India_Maritime_Technology_Conference_IMTC_2011_CII_NMF_NIOT_Chennai_4


  • Surface Warship construction:
    • Shortage of Naval Architects and specialised CAD personnel.
    • Stealth technology no more limited to submarines alone.
    • Series production of warships (minimum 6 to 10 no) must be done to minimize cost and reduced delivery time (present practice is to build 3 or 4 ships).
    • Modernization/up-gradation of shipyard facilities and processes including human resources.
  • Submarine construction:
    • While procuring submarines from other countries, complete technology including submarine design must be taken from the supplier.
    • Shortage of Naval Architects and specialised CAD personnel.
    • Setting up of parallel infrastructure for submarine construction in defence shipyards as submarine construction is totally different from surface warship construction.
    • Increase creation of trained pool of workers.
    • National policy on submarine construction must be known to Indian industries to encourage participation in construction.
    • Scope for indigenization:
      • development of equipment to comply with acoustic requirements and resistance to shock requirements of submarines.
      • non HLES steel such as S355 steel.
      • pipes, cables, fasteners.
  • Ship Repair:
    • To cut down time and cost over-run in ship building and ship repair, marine engineers involved in these activities have to fully involve in site work instead of giving elaborate justifications/excuses for the delay through computer excel sheets.
  • To increase India’s Market Share of the New Building Orders:
    • Freeze all shipyard processes and have a clear documented ‘build strategy’.
    • Translate it into a yard layout.
    • Standardize shipyard’s product by standardizing quality of material, processes, equipment, safety and competency of personnel.

Plenary Session II – Maritime Systems, Equipment and Integration

  • Design and Development of Combat Management Systems – by Rear Admiral Arun Bahl, DG – Weapon Electronics Systems Engineering Establishment (WESEE), New Delhi.
  • Opportunities for the Indian Industries in the Maritime Preparedness of the Nation – by Rear Admiral S Kulshreshtha, DG – Naval Armament Inspection, New Delhi.
  • Marine System Integration – by Capt Siddhartha Sant, Director Marine Engineering, Indian Navy.



  • Get away with L1 methodology (consider expertise also) in selecting vendors, subcontractors.
  • Industry support needed for Design and Development of Combat Management Systems relating to:
    • Architecture frameworks: Unified profile for DoDAF & MoDAF (UPDM); ToGAF.
    • System Engineering: Real Time Embedded Systems (RTES).
    • Reverse Engineering Legacy Artifacts.
    • COTS Roadmap & Technology Incubation to tackle obsolescence & Enhanced User Requirements.
    • Long term support.
  • Opportunities for Indian industry in Marine Police, Coast Guard.
    • Boat/ship building.
    • Maintenance of Propulsion system and Electrical Power Generation equipment.
    • Repair and maintenance of Navigational equipment like Radar, GPS, Echo-sounder, Gyro/compass, speed log etc.,
    • Repair and maintenance of electronic communication equipment.
    • Supply and maintenance of night vision devices, binoculars.
    • Future scope:
      • Development of technology/equipment for counter-terrorism.
      • Sensors and communication equipment for border surveillance including satellite based systems.
      • Cyber security.
      • Devices to detect and neutralize Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs).
  • Marine System Integration
    • Industry must be prepared to give guarantee for life cycle support by considering the long mission capabilities of
      • Aircraft carrier/LPD/Tanker – as 45 years plus
      • Frigates/Destroyers – as 35 years
      • OPVs/Corvettes/LSTs(L) – as 25 to 30 years
    • Industry must be also ready to provide spares/expertise/upgrades on 24×7 basis wherever the ship is.
    • Industry must develop their R&D in stealth technology relating to Infrared Signature (IR), Noise and Vibration levels of equipment to minimize Air Borne Noise (ABN), Structure Borne Noise (SBN).

Plenary Session III – Development of Ports & Harbours

  • Opening Remarks – by Mr Umesh C Grover, Senior Advisor (Shipping & Logistics), SKIL Infrastructure Ltd, Mumbai.
  • Developments of Ports & Harbours – by Capt Suresh N Amirapu, MD, Portman India Private Ltd.
  • Significance of New Gateway Ports – by Capt K N Ramesh, CEO, Logistics & Dredging, Marg Limited.



  • Exclusive DG – Ports has to be set up to ensure faster development of Ports & Harbours.
  • Single window system for procedures and approvals.
  • Industry not to be trapped in State vs Central govt interests.
  • Minor ports (except Gujarat) are not doing well.

Plenary Session IV (Panel Discussion): Offshore Energy – How Soon in India ?

  • Moderator – Dr L R Chary, Prof Emeritus, AMET University, Chennai.
  • Presentation on Futuristic Design of Offshore Wind Mills – by Prof KNG Reddy, AMET University, Chennai.
  • Panel Discussion – by Mr Rajesh Katyal, Scientist and Unit Chief (R&D), Centre for Wind Energy Technology, Chennai.
  • Panel Discussion – by Mr Nitin Bhate, Policy & Marketing Manager, GE Renewables (India).
  • Panel Discussion – by Mr Malolan R Cadambi, MD, Greenshore Energy Pvt Ltd.



  • The government (for that matter even god) can not increase the price of wind (unlike petrol, diesel, lpg prices).
  • Through innovative technology, cost of offshore wind power can be controlled/minimized.
  • Environment is not affected by offshore wind farms (in fact it boosts the marine life).
  • Maintaining offshore wind mills is easier than maintaining offshore oil platforms.
  • NMF must take the initiative to develop this industry faster in India.

January 22 – Day 2 proceedings:

Plenary Session V: Maritime Sector – Human Resource and R&D Needs

  • Human Resource (HR) Challenges in Design & Development – by Dr K Tamilmani, CEO, CEMILAC, Bangalore.
  • Emerging R&D Opportunities for Marine Industries – by Dr S Sundarrajan, Scientist ‘H’, DRDO L, Hyderabad.
  • Maritime Research in India – Opportunities and Challenges: by Prof (Dr) Rao Tatavarti, Director and Senior Professor, Gayatri Vidya Parishad College of Engineering.



  • Encourage private industry to take up maintenance of warships instead of burdening defence shipyards.
  • Private industry must understand the intricacies of marine equipments and develop HR accordingly.
  • Set up regulatory mechanism to monitor R&D.
  • Develop R&D facilities
    • considering the fact that the cost of warship hull is only 10% of the total cost of the ship with equipment.
    • considering the life cycle of warships: life cycle of Aircraft carrier/LPD/Tanker is as high as 45 years plus.
    • in areas of material, processes, corrosion, indigenization, high capacity fuel cells.
    • to ensure high performance, less maintenance, high energy efficiency, environment friendly and sustainable systems in ships.
  • Set up Integrated Marine R&D by involving shipyards, industry, academic institutions.
  • Do not consider R&D as waste of time or money.
  • India with high man power (18% of world’s population) stands low in Science & Technology as India spends 1% of GDP for developing Science & Technology.

Plenary Session VI – Maritime Security and Surveillance

  • Betterment of Maritime Security and Infrastructure – by Mr R Sri Kumar, IPS (Retd), Vigilance Commissioner, Govt of India.
  • Coastal Security Aspects – Tamil Nadu: by Rajesh Das, IPS, IG, Head – Tamil Nadu Coastal Security Group, Chennai.
  • Coastal Security for better effectiveness – by Capt S Suresh, CSO to Naval Officer in Charge, Naval Base, Kochi.

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  • Develop human intelligence and integrate with technical intelligence.
  • Encourage citizens to act as policemen without uniforms (fishermen for coast) and empower them to report freely to the authorities on what they see/hear in security related issues (use of mobile phones to a toll free number).
  • Coastal security includes water security (as more desalination plants are coming up using sea water) and energy security (as oil imports are done using sea routes).
  • Government is well prepared by conducting regular review meetings on coastal security and by conducting security exercises as realistic as possible.
  • Coast must be vigilant to overcome threats from unregulated fishing boats, trawlers, dhows, ferry services, underwater swimmers, un-scanned incoming cargo etc.,
  • Create Marine Police cadre, conduct coastal security awareness drives including use of toll free number 1093.

Plenary Session VII – India Maritime Technology Colloquium:

By all participants formed into four brain storming discussion groups.






  • Marine HR/R&D
    • Lack of funds.
    • Fear of failure.
    • Lack of awareness among youth.
    • Lack of availability of common platform or forum to interact.
  • Ports & Harbour
    • Sustainable port policy needed.
    • Norms for classifying major/minor ports – to be reviewed.
    • Inadequacy in feasibility reports of PPP in ports and harbours.
  • Marine Systems, Equipment, Integration
    • Lack of trust between the Indian Navy and the Industry.
    • Lack of industry friendly policies.
    • L1 syndrome.
  • Ship building & Ship repair
    • Lack of design/CAD specialists.
    • Lack of skilled man power.
    • System of CDC to be introduced for shipyard workers.
    • Most of the private shipyards are un-organized.
    • Infrastructure to be improved.
    • Government must provide subsidy.
    • Centralized core team/organization can be set up to train marine man power to work in shipyards.
    • Setting up of DG – Ship Building to be considered.

Plenary Session VIII – Forum for International Applications and Learning Experiences (FINALE)

  • Ship to Shore, a Global Maritime Business – by Mr Colin Clinton, Direcor, Ove Arup & Partners, Hong Kong.
  • ONR Global and Collaboration with India on Maritime Technology – by Dr Gabriel Roy, Associate Director, Office of US Naval Research Global, HQ – Singapore.
  • Maritime Search and Rescue – the Malaysian Experience: by Major (Retd) Murali P V Bhaskaran, RMAF, Director, Global SAR Resources SDN BHD Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.



  • Ove Arup & Partners have extensive experience globally in: Port Master Planning, Waterfront Development, Offshore Windfarms, Coastal Engineering, Port Operations, Hydraulic Modeling, Transport Planning, Asset Management, Rail Freight, Environmental Assessment and Design, Contract Documentation and Site Supervision.
  • Sponsored research programs by ONR (Office of Naval Research – U.S.) in India are going on over the past three decades; ONR has also a budget of over 2 billion USD.
  • Maritime Search and Rescue (SAR) – the Malaysian Experience: Suggestions for improvement
    • Bilateral cooperation involving multi agencies.
    • Regional SAR exercises.
    • Joint operations.
    • Improved SAR system.
    • Create a regional fund for development of SAR.
    • U.N. Body that addresses all SAR issues.

Valedictory Session

  • Presentation of Draft IMTC 2011 White Paper – by Capt Suresh Bhardwaj, Vice Chancellor, AMET University.
  • Introduction of Chief Guest for Valedictory – by Commodore (Retd) S Shekhar, IN – Regional Director, NMF.
  • Valedictory address by Chief Guest – Rear Admiral (Retd) Rakesh Bajaj, Mazagon Dock Ltd, Mumbai.
  • Vote of Thanks by Gp Capt (Retd) L V Mohandas, Head – IT & Internal Security, CII, Chennai.



  • The Chief Guest emphasized that the country can prosper in R&D only when the youth specialize in Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry at graduation and post graduation levels.

Here are some more photographs of the event:

Registration by delegates


Inauguration of stalls put up by prominent maritime agencies and display of products.






Exhibition on Maritime Heritage of India through Philately




It was a great experience to attend this IMTC 2011 conference.

I feel the plenary session could have included some presentation/discussions on ‘Ship recycling/Ship breaking Industry’ also.

Update: January 28, 2011

More photographs are added in Flickr:

Update: January 30, 2011:

More photographs are now in Flickr: IMTC 2011 – India Maritime Technology Colloquium

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