Suez Canal (in Arabic: Qanat as-Suways) links the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said to the Red Sea at Suez, via the branches of the River Nile. The Canal was opened for navigation on November 17, 1869 and now completes 140 years of navigation.
Egypt nationalized the canal on July 26, 1956, with the Suez Canal Authority (SCA) as a public and an independent authority of a juristic personality to manage, operate, use, maintain and improve the Suez Canal. The Canal was closed five times in the past and is operational since June 5, 1975. Admiral Ahmed Ali Fadel is the present Chairmen of SCA since January 22, 1996.
Here are some more interesting facts on Suez canal:
- Egypt was the first country to dig a man-made canal.
- The first who dug it was Senausert III, Pharaoh of Egypt in 1874 B.C.
- This canal had different names in the past and was abandoned due to silt, then reopened several times as:
- Canal of Sity I: 1310 B.C.
- Canal of Nkhaw: 610 B.C.
- Canal of Darius I: 510 B.C.
- Canal of Ptolemy II: 285 B.C.
- Canal of The Romans: 117 A.C.
- Canal of Amir El-Moemeneen: 640 A.D.
- Distance saving via the Canal:
- from Jeddah to Piraeus: 9887 NM (Nautical Miles)
- from Tokyo to Rotterdam: 3315 NM
- from Ras Tanura to Rotterdam: 4733 NM
- from Colombo to New York: 5473 NM
- from Singapore to New York: 2373 NM
- Vessels with draughts up to 62 feet can presently navigate through the Canal and up to 72 feet in future.
- Maritime Training and Simulation Center of SCA trains the pilots to navigate in the Canal.
- SCA: Traffic Simulation of Suez Canal.
- RIA Novosti, Infographics: Suez canal – History, Figures, Facts
For more details, log on to Suez Canal Authority.
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