Canada’s Nanosatellite Tracking of Ships (NTS) project has started showing results. exactEarth Ltd., has successfully used its space-based AIS (Automatic Identification System) technology, exactAIS, to assist the Canadian Forces (CF) and Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) to monitor Illegal Unregulated Unreported Fishing (IUU) activity in the Pacific Ocean.
Some interesting features of NTS Nanosatellite, exactAIS and IUU are:
- NTS Nanosatellite
- Part of Canadian Advanced Nanospace eXperiment 6 (CanX-6) program to demonstrate key elements of exactEarth space-based AIS detection technology.
- Developed by University of Toronto Institute for Aerospace Studies (UTIAS)/Space Flight Laboratory (SFL).
- Launched in April, 2008 through Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) C9 from ISRO,India.
- exactEarth Ltd., and exactAIS
- A subsidiary of COM DEV International Ltd.
- Precise, secure, reliable global vessel tracking and monitoring system using space-based advanced AIS detection technology.
- Capable of detecting and identifying ships from space rapidly over a wide area.
- Announced plans to launch a constellation of larger microsatellites and offer a full-scale, commercial AIS data service beginning in 2010.
- Illegal Unregulated Unreported Fishing (IUU)
- Nets up to 40-kilometres length are used in high seas (driftnet fishing) to catch everything in their path that results in depletion of valuable marine fish resource.
- Driftnet fishing is being carried out in violation to the United Nations’ moratorium on driftnet fishing since 1992.
- Canada through Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO) is actively monitoring IUU fishing.
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