Can India Ignore China’s Anti Ship Ballistic Missile (ASBM) ?

by OldSailor on September 15, 2009


newsEveryday we are coming across news reports like

  • May 19 – from Telegraph, U.K: “China blocks £2 billion in aid to India”
  • July 10 – from Indian Express: “China blocked India’s ADB plan over Arunachal, confirms Krishna”
  • August 11 – from NDTV: “China should disintegrate India – Strategist”
  • August 31 – from Hindustan Times: “Chinese incursion reported in Ladakh
  • September 11 – from the Times of India: “China opposes Dalai Lama trip to Arunachal Pradesh”
  • September 13 – from Thaindian News: “After Ladakh, Chinese incursions now reported in Uttarakhand”
  • September 15 – from the Times of India: “China-ULFA link exposed”

China replies saying

  • September 15 – from Express Buzz: “India, China like brothers: Wang Donghna” and a reader has pointed out in his comments as  “Anyway no chinese has brothers or sisters since they follow one child policy”.

Now, here is an interesting Review from U.S. Naval War College on China “Using the Land to Control the Sea ? Chinese Analysts Consider the Antiship Ballistic Missile” by Andrew S. Erickson and David D. Yang.

The report highlights some interesting facts on China’s Anti Ship Ballistic Missile (ASBM):

  • The Chinese are developing an Anti Ship Ballistic Missile (ASBM) to limit other nations in the seas surrounding China.China_Anti_Ship_Ballistic_Missile_ASBM
  • China is developing an ASBM based on a variant of the land-based DF-21/CSS-5  Medium Range Ballistic Missile (MRBM).You can see from the map.
  • China is equipping theater ballistic missiles (TBMs) with maneuvering re-entry vehicles (MaRVs) with radar or IR (infrared) seekers to attack ships at sea accurately.
  • China is on the verge of testing and fielding an ASBM system that no other country has at present. Ballistic missiles were developed to attack land targets (fixed targets). ASBM is unique because it is capable of attacking moving targets (ships at sea).

China’s ASBM capability can not be ignored by India because:

  • Chinese presence in Bay of Bengal is going to increase as China and Myanmar have signed an agreement to supply Chinese oil from Middle East and Africa through pipelines (expected to be operational by 2013) from Kyaukphyu on the Arakan coast to China’s southwestern Yunnan province.
  • Chinese presence in the Indian region is further going to increase due to massive funding by China to develop Hambantota port in south Sri Lanka.
  • Chinese presence in Gwadar port in Pakistan.

Read the full review from U.S. Naval War College and as pdf. (The above map is taken from the same U.S. Naval War College review).

Post in MarineBuzz on this day a year before:

Self Propelled Semi Submersible (SPSS): Increasing Threat from Sea

Update: February 10, 2010

Indian Navy chief, Admiral Nirmal Verma has said that Anti Ship Missile of China is not a threat as it would be a difficult task to even spot the vessels in the open sea. Read more from Express India.

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