A three level Coastal Security Scheme (CSS) is being implemented in full swing to safe guard the Indian coast.
- Marine Police to patrol up to 12 nautical miles from the coast.
- Indian Coast Guard to patrol from 12 to 200 nautical miles.
- Indian Navy to patrol beyond 200 nautical miles.
However, the overall responsibility for coastal defence is with the Indian Navy.
In Tamil Nadu, Coastal Security Group (CSG) was raised to prevent smuggling of essential items like fuel and medicine by sea route to Sri Lanka and to prevent infiltration of militants into the state by sea route.
Some interesting features of CSG are:
- CSG is headed by an officer of the rank of an Additional Director General of Police.
- Tamil Nadu coastline of 1076 kilometres is to be guarded by 12 Marine Police Stations, 10 Out Posts and 100 Check Posts.
- The CSG personnel will be coordinating with 441 Village Vigilance Committees formed in the coastal villages, Navy, Coast Guard, Local Police, Fisheries Department, Customs and Revenue Authorities to gather intelligence on coastal security.
- 12 Marine Police Stations are being commissioned in seven coastal districts of Tamil Nadu.
- Each Marine Police Station will have two patrol boats, built in shipyards of Goa/Kolkata.
- A total of around 200 specially trained police personnel will be manning these stations.
- In 2007, Police personnel in twenty batches have undergone preliminary sea training from Coast Guard in boat handling and basic navigation skills.
The Marine Police Stations are being commissioned at the following locations:
- Nagapattinam district
- Thanjavur district
- Pudukottai district
- Ramanathapuram district
- Tuticorin district
- Tirunelveli district
- Kanyakumari district
Update: May 31
A 12-tonne boat, imported from Greece at a cost of Rs.2.15 crore with jet propelled twin engines each with a capacity of 575 hp that can attain a top speed of 70 km (40 + knots) per hour has joined Coastal Security Group. 11 more boats are expected to join this year. Also twelve, 5-tonne boats are expected to join. Read more from The Hindu.
It seems the vessel is similar to the state-of-the-art, bulletproof interceptor security vessel received by the Marine Police of Gujarat. The 12 tonnes vessel is equipped with ultra modern navigation and Global Positioning System and can carry a crew of 14 members at a time. The vessel can travel at the maximum speed of 39 nautical miles per hour. View an interesting video clip: Gujarat gets ultra modern vessel for patrolling
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