Keel for India’s first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC), was laid by Defence Minister Shri AK Antony at Cochin Shipyard Ltd (CSL) in Kochi on February 28. The IAC is scheduled to be completed by 2014. This marks India as the fourth nation in the world to have the capability of designing and building 40,000 tonne aircraft carriers.
Some of the interesting features of IAC are:
- the design and construction of the project as Air Defence Ship (ADS) was sanctioned by the government in January 2003.
- designed by Directorate of Naval Design (DND) of Indian Navy as Project 71.
- the production commenced in November 2006.
- would be capable of operating an aircraft mix of Russian MiG-29K, Ka 31 and indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA).
- the ship construction is planned in two phases.
- the First phase covers work up to first launch in end 2010.
- the second phase would cover all balance work till delivery of the ship to the Navy in end 2014.
- the ship
- has a length of 260 metres.
- has maximum breadth of 60 metres.
- will be propelled by two shafts, each coupled to two LM2500 Gas Turbines developing a total power of 80 MW.
- has speed more than 28 knots.
- has an endurance of around 8,000 NM and complement of 1600.
- will have two take off runways and a landing strip with 3 arrester wires.
- can carry a maximum of 30 aircraft with adequate aircraft hangar capacity.
- has a very high degree of automation for machinery operation, ship navigation and survivability.
- is being constructed using high strength steel developed in-house with the help of DRDO and SAIL.
- to have Long Range Surface to Air Missile (LR SAM) system with Multi-Function Radar (MFR) and Close- In Weapon System (CIWS).
- will be equipped with the most modern C/D band early Air Warning Radar, V/UHF Tactical Air Navigational and Direction Finding systems.
- will also be having jamming capabilities over the expected Electro Magnetic (EM) environment, along with Carrier Control Approach Radars to aid air operations.
- all weapon systems onboard the carrier would be integrated through an indigenous Combat Management System (CMS).
- can be integrated with Navy’s Network Centric Operations to provide force multiplication.
- Assistance for propulsion system integration and aviation aspects have been taken from M/s Fincantieri of Italy and M/s NDB of Russia respectively.
To optimize build period of IAC, CSL has been provided with over INR 200 billion to augment infrastructure in areas such as large cranes, workshops, heavy duty machinery etc.
Here is some more information on DND established in 1970, as part of Indian Navy.
Some of the interesting projects of DND are:
- Seaward Defence Boat – SDB (MK2).
- Landing Craft Utility (LCU), Landing Ship Tank (INS Magar, INS Gharial), Survey Ships (Sandhayak, Nirdeshak, Nirupak, Investigator and new Darshak class) and Ocean going Tugs.
- Project 15: Delhi class guided missile destroyers.
- Project 15A: Kolkata class guided missile destroyers.
- Project–16: Godavari class frigates.
- Project 16A: Brahmaputra class frigates.
- Project 17: Shivalik class stealth frigates.
- Project 25: Khukri class missile corvettes.
- Project 71: Indigenous Aircraft Carrier.
Here are some photographs on Keel laying from Ministry of Defence, India.
The Defence Minister, Shri A. K. Antony laying the keel of the first Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC). The Chief of the Naval Staff, Admiral Sureesh Mehta is also seen.
Shri A. K. Antony’s address at the keel laying ceremony
Read complete press release from Press Information Bureau on keel laying.
Posts in MarineBuzz on last day of February last year:
Update: March 04
View an interesting video clip: India’s own Aircraft Carrier
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